World War II in Europe and the Atlantic
Air and Sea Battles of Britain and the Atlantic, 1939-43
This lecture covers the sea Battle of the Atlantic from 1939-1943 and the air Battle of Britain from 1940-41. Without significant surface naval forces to confront the British Royal Navy, the German Navy, or Kriegsmarine, conducteda commerce war against Britain using their submarine forces. The Battle of the Atlantic against Allied shipping between 1940 and 1943 threatened to knock Britain out of the war before the United States became fully engaged. In the air, once France fell, Germany attempted to invade southern England, but had to destroy the British Royal Air Force first. Germany failed as the RAF held on to defeat the Luftwaffe in the Battle of Britain.
Dr. Stanley Carpenter has taught courses in Air and Land Warfare, Military History, American Revolution, and European History at an array of colleges and universities, including Salve Regina, Hawaii Pacific University, Norwich University, and the U.S. Naval War College, where he has served as Professor of Strategy and Policy and directed the Homeland Security and Homeland Defense elective program. A published author, his works include a study of military leadership in the British Civil Wars and action-adventure historical novels centered on a Royal Naval intelligence officer. Dr. Carpenter served as a U.S. Naval officer from 1979-2009, retiring with the rank of Captain.